Solar Activity and Other Natural Causes
of Global Warming and Cooling

The big question about global warming is whether or not -- or to what extent -- it is the result of human activity.  The information on this page will show that (1) the Sun is much more influential on our climate than all the industrial activity in the world, and (2) the Earth is self-regulating.

33 Bullet Points Proving Global Warming Is Caused By The Sun, Not CO2.  The IPCC (United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) has no geologists among the hundreds of authors of its last major report (2013-14)[.]  The IPCC's very existence relies on public belief in 'Anthropogenic (man-made) Global Warming' (AGW) by CO2 emissions.  Most IPCC authors, mainly government and university researchers, are biased by strong vested interests in AGW (publications; continuance of salaries; research grants).  The IPCC assures us that Earth's temperature is controlled by CO2 and that the Sun has minuscule or zero effect.  This is precisely backwards.  In truth, solar-magnetic output controls our climate (Svensmark effect, Bullet 14) and CO2 has little or no influence (Bullets 1, 10, 11, 19, 32).  Varying solar output even controls the timing of large earthquakes, making it even harder to believe the IPCC's claim that the Sun might not affect climate.  These 33 bullets collectively prove that any CO2 effect on global temperatures of the Holocene period (i.e. the last 11,650 years), including the 'Modern Warming' period since 1815, was nil or too small to detect.

How El Nino La Nina And The Sun Drive Climate Change.  The short answer, based on peer-reviewed science is, small increases in solar insolation increase the tropical trade winds.  Stronger trade winds push the Pacific Ocean into a La Nina-like state that reduces cloud cover in the eastern Pacific and eastern Atlantic.  Less cloud cover during La Nina-like conditions increase heat flux into the oceans, where the greatest heat flux is now observed.  That greater flux warms the oceans and via ocean currents warms the world as it ventilates, as it does now.  In contrast El Nino-like conditions increase cloud cover over the eastern Pacific and reduces heat flux into the oceans which cools the world as it did during the Little Ice Age.

The Sun's Impact on Climate Change.  The Sun's heat and energy output varies over time rather than being constant or steady.  Scientists have been able to reconstruct the Sun's heat output going back hundreds of years.  The data show changes in global temperatures have almost perfectly mirrored variations in the Sun's heat output throughout the past several hundred years, including during our current period of modest warming.

Climate Change is Driven by Changes in Orientation of Earth to Sun, Not Carbon Emissions, New Analysis of Berkeley Earth Data Shows.  Berkeley Earth offers comprehensive land surface temperature data for the entire planet.  It calculates temperature anomalies by comparing the actual temperature to the average temperature during the period from 1950 to 1980.  In a previous article I used data from this site to show that there was minimal evidence of a significant increase in global temperatures, contrasting it with the magnitude of seasonal variations.  While it is undeniable that our planet has warmed over the past 150 years, what is the root cause?  Could it be attributed to the orientation of the Earth to the Sun, considering it is the only heat source?  I had already downloaded data for some specific regions, and as this is available in monthly increments it was a relatively simple task to interrogate the data to see if there were any seasonal variations in the rate of temperature increase.

Global Temperatures and Reduced Cloud Cover.  We can debate the reasons for less cloud cover, but generally speaking less cloud/more sunshine leads to higher temperatures.  (Certain high level clouds may have the reverse effect, but this is small).  Even the Met Office admitted this a few years ago, in a study they have since buried.  In particular, it is the sun that predominantly heats the oceans.  The equilibrium effect on the seas from a slightly warmer atmosphere are so small as to be unmeasurable.  In alarmist world, of course, CO2 is the only driver of global temperatures, so don't expect them to mention that cloud cover has been a major factor behind global warming in recent decades.

The Continuing Albedo Change Warms the Earth More Than Twice as Much as CO2.  All life on Earth (somehow) originates from the Sun's heat.  But how much of the solar irradiation reaches us Earthlings?  The question is highly relevant, as the amount of reflected sunlight displays a remarkable decreasing trend over time.  As will be shown, this trend alone explains most of the warming we've had in recent decades.  The Earth's reflectivity is measured by albedo (a latin word meaning 'whiteness').  Albedo measures the proportion of solar irradiation that is reflected back to space, either by the ground or in the atmosphere.  If albedo is 100 percent, all light is reflected, and 0 percent means no light is reflected.  Albedo is very different for different materials:  pure snow can be as high as >90%, dirty snow can be as low as 20%.  Water has albedo <10% (depending on the angle of reflection).  Clouds vary greatly and are between 30% and 80% depending on the type of cloud.  The Earth's albedo averages 28%.

What Does El Niño Do to Our Climate?  El Niño causes the release of heat from seawater to air, causing a significant strip of the Pacific Ocean to increase in temperature.  This results in more water evaporating and also warming the air.  Both processes ensure a lower density (lower pressure/more water) of the air, and a rising air movement.  A low-pressure area is created where a high-pressure area used to be, when the sea water was much colder.  These changes have to do with tectonic plate activity, and have nothing to do with CO2.

El Niños and the Hunga Tonga Sub-Surface Volcanic Eruption.  The absorption of IR photons by water vapor molecules is highest in the Tropics, because humidities and temperatures are high.  Enormous masses of heated air rise, form clouds, etc., and natural forces spread the heat to warm much of rest of the Earth, which would be a cold place without all that heat.  In the Tropics, the ratio of H2O molecules/CO2 molecules is about 70, plus each water molecule absorbs photons of many energies over a wide area of the IR spectrum, unlike CO2 molecules.  As a result, water molecules may be up to 3 times more potent than CO2 molecules[.]  That means, in the Tropics, the warming effect of plentiful water molecules is about 70 x 3 = 210 times stronger than CO2 molecules[.]

Why Is Everything So Stupid?  Total Solar Irradiance or TSI is a major driver of climate.  BUT, there is substantial uncertainty of TSI measures between 1978 and 1992 before we had solar satellites.  Even 92-96 is unclear.  As a result, some of the datasets for past values of TSI (since 1750) have low variability, implying a very low impact of solar variations on global mean surface temperature, whereas datasets with high TSI variability can explain 50 [to] 98 percent of the temperature variability since preindustrial times. The IPCC AR5 adopted the low variability.  This is the definition of unsettled science.  Rather, a paper asking "How much has the Sun influenced Northern Hemisphere temperature trends?  An ongoing debate." emphasized dissenting scientific opinions exist as well as identifying areas where there is scientific agreement.  The authors found that the sun/climate debate is an issue where the IPCC's consensus statements were prematurely achieved through the suppression of dissenting scientific opinions.  Solar activity reached unusually high levels in the second half of the twentieth century, estimated to be the highest in the last 8,000 years, although there is disagreement among reconstructions as to whether this maximum peaked in the 1950s or continued into the 1990s.  This means that much of the warming of the 20th century was likely an 8,000 year peak in solar radiation.  This is a known unknown.  And again, not settled science.

Dreaming of a White Christmas?  We have abundant evidence that alarmist computer modelers have no ability to forecast climate.  Meteorologists are gaining the ability to forecast weather up to a week ahead and the trends in ocean temperatures can help forecast whether we have El Niño or La Niña conditions for the next year.  But for weather or climate forecasts beyond one year we must look to other scientific disciplines — geology, archaeology, physics, and astronomy. [...] The global warmth we enjoy today can only come from two sources:  the sun or the Earth's molten core.  The major and most reliable source of global warming is that big nuclear power plant in the sky.  Our sun directs a continual stream of radiant energy towards Earth.  This solar energy melts ice and evaporates water from oceans, seas, and lakes.  This feeds rain and snow, provides energy for plant life, and generates the atmospheric convection that powers trade winds, storms, tornadoes, and cyclones.

Plate Climatology Theory Overview.  The overall theory contends that increased tectonic activity, either locally or globally, equates to more heat and chemically charged heated fluid release from active geological features into oceans, sub-glacial polar areas, and atmosphere.  This altered heat and fluid input has in past, and still to this day acts to significantly effect Earth's climate and climate related events. [...] This effect has been largely hidden from scientific investigation because the heat and fluid release is primarily from two under explored/under monitored regions.

Terrestrial Temperature, Sea Levels and Ice Area Links with Solar Activity and Solar Orbital Motion.  This paper explores the links between terrestrial temperature, sea levels and ice areas in both hemispheres with solar activity indices expressed through averaged sunspot numbers together with the summary curve of eigenvectors of the solar background magnetic field (SBMF) and with changes of Sun-Earth distances caused by solar inertial motion resulting from the gravitation of large planets in the solar system.  Using the wavelet analysis of the GLB and HadCRUTS datasets two periods:  21.4 and 36 years in GLB, set and the period of about 19.6 years in the HadCRUTS are discovered.  The 21.4-year period is associated with variations in solar activity defined by the summary curve of the largest eigenvectors of the SBMF.  A dominant 21.4-year period is also reported in the variations of the sea level, which is linked with the period of 21.4 years detected in the GLB temperature and the summary curve of the SBMF variations.  The wavelet analysis of ice and snow areas shows that in the Southern hemisphere, it does not show any links to solar activity periods while in the Northern hemisphere, the ice area reveals a period of 10.7 years equal to a usual solar activity cycle.

Climate, CO2, and the Sun.  In my previous post on multiple regression of known solar cycles versus HadCRUT5, I simply threw the solar cycles, ENSO, and sunspots into the regression blender and compared the result to various models that included CO2.  Before reading this post, it is a good idea to read the previous one, since much of this post relies on the information in it.  It was a very simple statistical analysis designed to show that the IPCC conclusion that rising CO2 and other greenhouse gases are "responsible" for "1.1°C of warming since 1850-1900" is probably erroneous.  The difference between the HadCRUT5 1850-1900 average and the 2018-2023 (through all of 2022) is 1.18°C, so they are saying that essentially all the warming since the 19th century is due to humans.  The analyses described in this post show they cannot be certain of their conclusion because they have ignored persuasive evidence that changes in the Sun caused at least some of the warming.

Carbon Dioxide:  Vital Plant Food.  [Scroll down]  Most officials have continued to blame man for increased carbon dioxide and rising temperatures.  It is far more likely that rising temperatures have been caused by changes in the sun.  Those changes have continued to warm the oceans, and as they have warmed, they have given up quantities of carbon dioxide.  There is about 50 times more carbon dioxide in the ocean than there is in the atmosphere.  The oceans are deep, and they change temperature slowly, so they will continue to give up carbon dioxide for a long time.  In fact, there are methane compounds (called clathrates) at the bottom of the ocean that include ice.  They tell us that this year is the warmest the Earth has ever been.  Even if that were true (and it is not), it would amount to only a small portion of a degree.  When the temperature goes from 100 degrees in summer to minus 30 degrees in winter, a part of a degree would hardly appear to be a problem.  Not only that, but the Earth has been a lot warmer in the past, with a lot more carbon dioxide.  Even within recorded history the Earth has been warmer in the past (1936).

Data: The Sun's Magnetic Poles Are Vanishing.  Measurements by spacecraft and ground-based observatories agree that the sun's north and south magnetic poles are rapidly weakening.  This could lead to a complete reversal of the sun's global magnetic field before the end of the year.  The Sun is about to turn upside down — magnetically speaking, of course.  In recent months, we've seen an uptick in explosive solar events from dramatic X-class flares to Coronal Mass Ejections (CMEs), to powerful geomagnetic storms and a record-shattering sunspot count in June.  The Sun may appear to be a raging inferno to the general public, but to solar scientists, it's business as usual.  An active Sun was expected and these events are indications that the current Solar Cycle 25 is reaching its peak in activity, known as Solar Maximum.

The Sun Drives Earth's Climate, Not Carbon Dioxide.  The establishment's celebrated Israeli astrophysicist, Nir Shaviv, asserts that it is the sun, not carbon dioxide, that drives the Earth's climate. "The correlation is as clear as day," the professor explains.  The interview was published in the mainstream media outlet Forbes, a well-known American economic magazine, which quickly removed the article after pressure from globalist climate alarmists.  Shaviv is one of an increasing number of established scientists who are speaking out.  In August, two American MIT researchers, a meteorologist and a physicist, sounded the alarm.  They argue that climate regulations now being implemented are based on "a bluff" and will be a "catastrophe" for society, particularly concerning food security.

[This] Hot Summer [is] Due to Many Factors — Carbon Dioxide Emissions Are Not One of Them.  It turns out a confluence of overlapping weather and meteorological events, some having global or hemispheric effects, some more localized, occurring simultaneously, account for the ongoing heatwaves (a series of similar but disconnected heatwaves, which the media has misleadingly treated as a single related event) this summer.  One event that is contributing to a global rise in temperatures this year, and likely will for the next few years, is the Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha'apai volcanic eruption, described in more detail below.  Water vapor makes up the vast majority of the greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, 98 percent or more, and the subsea Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha'apai eruption added an additional 10 percent to 13 percent to atmospheric water vapor.  Scientists from NASA and the European Space Agency agree this huge addition to the dominant atmospheric greenhouse gas is contributing significantly to this years' temperatures.  In addition, El Niño is back, and it's a strong one.

'Global Warming' Morphs Into 'Global Boiling' as the Global Climate Hoax Turns Up the Heat.  There are several reasons July 2023 was hot.  The Sun is burning hotter in the current Sun Cycle 25 than Sun Cycle 24.  According to Javier Vinós, author of the 2022 book Climate of the Past, Present and Future:  A Scientific Debate, the monthly sunspot number for June 2023 reached 163.4.  "While this figure may be revised slightly, it's likely to stand as the highest number seen in over two decades, since September 2002," Vinós explained in a recent article.  "Solar Cycle 25 is relatively young, only three and a half years old, which means there are ample opportunities over the next three years to surpass this month's 20-year record."

Record Global Temperatures Driven by Hunga-Tonga Volcanic Water Vapor — Visualized.  Readers may recall that we have reported on the massive amount of water vapor that has been injected into the stratosphere by the 2022 eruption of the Hunga-Tonga volcano.  A recent study said a 13% increase in stratospheric water mass and a 5-fold increase of stratospheric aerosol load.  Water vapor is by far the strongest greenhouse gas according to NASA, and it stands to reason that the dramatic increase in stratospheric water vapor is having an effect on global temperature.

H2O, Not CO2 May Be Driving Summer Heat Wave.  Both NASA and the European Space Agency seemingly endorse the notion that a gigantic undersea volcano that erupted from December 2021 until mid-January 2022 may have spurred a dramatic increase in water vapor — the Earth's main greenhouse gas — contributing to higher air temperatures this year.  When the Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha'apai volcano erupted, it reportedly spewed a stupendous amount of H2O as water vapor into the atmosphere, enough, it is said, to have filled no less than 58,000 Olympic-size swimming pools.  "The violent Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha'apai eruption on 15 January 2022 not only injected ash into the stratosphere but also large amounts of water vapor, breaking all records for direct injection of water vapor, by a volcano or otherwise, in the satellite era," a study published in Geophysical Research Letters reported.  According to the study, this one event added the equivalent of an additional 10 percent of the normal amount of water vapor into the atmosphere.

What the media are failing to report about our current heat wave.  The current heat wave is being relentlessly blamed on increasing levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, but there is a much more plausible explanation, one that is virtually endorsed by two of the world's leading scientific organizations.  It turns out that levels of water vapor in the atmosphere have dramatically increased over the last year-and-a-half, and water vapor is well recognized as a greenhouse gas, whose heightened presence leads to higher temperatures, a mechanism that dwarfs any effect CO2 may have.  So, why has atmospheric water vapor increased so dramatically?  Because of a historic, gigantic volcanic eruption last year that I — probably along with you — had never heard of.  The mass media ignored it because it took place 490 feet underwater in the South Pacific.

Overheated.  Ready to learn something?  Let's meet the historic, record-shattering Hunga Tonga volcanic eruption of 2022, which I bet you never heard of.  Back in January 2022, you were probably distracted by covid mandates or maybe by Biden calling himself "Senator" again.  The short version is an underwater Pacific Ocean volcano named Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha'apai, 490 feet under the waves, massively erupted, bigger than any other modern eruption, even bigger than Mount Pinatubo.  You never heard about it since it was underwater and nobody died.  But the erupting lava instantly vaporized fantastic, unimaginable amounts of sea water, which billowed into the atmosphere, changing the water composition of Earth's atmosphere and heating it up for years.  In only a few days, the superheated water from the Hunga Tonga eruption blanketed the globe, pole to pole, East to West.  The eruption was so big it could be clearly seen from space. [...] Over the next year it would turn out that NASA badly underestimated the amount of water Hunga Tonga vaporized into the atmosphere.  Current estimates are three times higher than the original:  scientists now think it was closer to 150,000 metric tons, or 40 trillion gallons, of super-heated water instantly injected into the atmosphere.  Talk about a greenhouse.  Water vapor — humidity — is a much more effective greenhouse gas than carbon dioxide.

Giant Solar Catastrophe Could Start By The End Of 2023.  Experts have warned that a chaotic and potentially catastrophic period of solar activity could start before the end of 2023.  Our closest star, the sun, ramps up its energy approximately every 11 years in a period called a solar maximum.  During solar maximums, the sun's energy turns into something like a pit bull on bath salts:  totally unpredictable, aggressive, and potentially deadly.  Our next solar maximum wasn't supposed to be until 2025, but it looks like it might be here by the end of 2023, according to a University College London solar physicist Alex James, who spoke to LiveScience, and based on evidence shared by NASA.  The general thinking is that the sun is ramping up to flip its poles, which takes a huge amount of energy.

Europe's Climate Suffers From Lack Of Clouds And Rain, Not From A CO2 Increase.  Rapidly rising temperatures and drought in parts of central Europe are caused by a long-term trend of receding cloud cover.  Fewer clouds result in increased solar energy influx and reduced downpour.  Both factors lead to higher temperatures.  By comparison, the influence of CO2 levels is minimal at best.

CO2 is innocent but Clouds are guilty.  This is a continuation of previous papers (1) and (2) on Cloud Reduction.  Further analysis of cloud data has revealed four new observations:
  [#1]   Mount Pinatubo ash in the atmosphere and Amazonia deforestation may be seen in the cloud data.
  [#2]   A correlation of measured "Temperature — Dew point Temperature", T-Td, to Cloud Cover was found.
  [#3]   The Temperature — Dew point Temperature variable suggests Cloud Reduction has been going on before 1975.
  [#4]   A simple model shows that Clouds either by reduced Cloud Fraction, decreased Cloud Albedo (lower reflectivity), or both can account for most of the observed Radiation and the associated Global Warming, GW.

Oceans, not CO2 more likely the big Kahuna of Climate.  First of all, does anyone rationally believe that if the oceans had not warmed the earth would have?  Second, notice where the lion's share of the warming is:  the polar regions.  Let's take a look at arctic temperatures:  the vast majority of the warming is coming in the colder months.  Now why would that be?  (It is not warming at all in the summer).  [Maps and graphs]

What Greens don't get about volcanoes, oceans, and weather.  Despite Green propaganda, recent Australian floods were not caused by coal, cattle, or cars.  Weather is driven by winds; solar energy powers the winds and draws moisture for them from the oceans.  These eternal natural rain-making processes have been aided recently by two extra factors.  Firstly, a big La Niña weather event in the Pacific Ocean has left warmer water closer to Australia.  Secondly, there is increased underwater volcanism in this region, as evidenced by the volcanic eruptions near Vanuatu.  Earth's climate history is written in the rocks.  Anyone who cares to read that record will see that recurring Ice Ages, not global warming, pose the greatest threat to life on Earth.  Even in today's warm Holocene Era, the Little Ice Age was a time of war, famine, and distress, whereas the Medieval Warm Period heralded a time of peace and plenty.  Earth's weather is driven by winds powered by convection currents, which get most of their energy from the sun.

Sunspot Activity on The Sun Is Seriously Exceeding Official Predictions.  Weather predictions here on Earth are more accurate than they've ever been; trying to predict the behavior of our wild and wacky Sun is a little more tricky.  Case in point:  according to official predictions, the current cycle of solar activity should be mild.  But the gap between the prediction and what's actually happening is pretty significant — and it's getting wider.  Sunspot counts, used as a measure for solar activity, are way higher than the predicted values calculated by the NOAA, NASA, and the International Space Environmental Service.

No, AOC, Humans Are Not Killing the Earth.  [Scroll down]  Yet even if we reach net zero, that too would not be enough.  Natural sources of carbon [dioxide] emissions would continue to drive climate change.  Natural forces may be responsible for most climate change — even the EPA cannot say how much.  Natural sources will continue to drive climate change because they constitute a significant level of greenhouse gas emissions.  Cattle, for example, emit 1.85% of total methane emissions as opposed to volcanoes, deep-sea vents, and other natural sources, which emit far more.  According to a 2010 EPA report, the level of greenhouse gas emissions from natural sources is significant but not clearly understood: there are "different estimates" of levels of methane and nitrous oxide emitting from a wide range of natural origins, from ocean vents to soil emissions, natural wildfires, volcanoes, and other sources.  Natural emissions are part of climate cycles that the Earth has experienced since its beginnings.  And what is so very bad about a changing climate?

Following rain, desert microbes exhale potent greenhouse gas.  New UC Riverside research shows how, after it rains, microbes in desert soil convert one form of pollution into another — laughing gas.  No laughing matter, nitrous oxide or N2O is the third most potent greenhouse gas.  Scientists conducting the research were surprised to measure N2O production in the desert heat.  "It only happens in waterlogged soils.  Since the desert is dry most of the year, we didn't think this process could occur in arid soils," said Alex Krichels, UCR environmental scientist and first author on the new study.

NASA admits climate change is natural and caused by the sun.  For more than 60 years, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has known that changes in weather conditions on the planet are perfectly natural and normal.  But the space agency, for whatever reason, has decided to let the so-called man-made warming scam continue and spread, at the expense of human freedom.  It was in 1958, to be exact, when NASA first noted that changes in the Earth's solar orbit and changes in the Earth's inclination were responsible for what climate scientists today call "warming" (or "cooling," depending on their agenda).  In other words, in no way is man warming or cooling the planet by driving internal combustion engine vehicles or eating beef.

Dark, Cold Years Are Coming, So You'd Better Get Ready.  The sun is a very steady oscillator says Prof. Valentina Zharkova, of Northumbria University. [...] She confidently predicted a Modern Grand Solar Minimum (GSM) running from 2020 through 2053, about half as long as the previous Maunder Minimum but just as intense.  Controversial at first, now even U.S. agencies have adopted the science and speak of the current modern GSM. [...] We know about the 11-year solar cycles.  They start at the minimum point of solar activity, build over five or six years to maximum activity, then decrease again to a minimum.  Solar cycle 25 began in December 2019.  Grand solar minimums, where maximum solar activity is dramatically subdued over several cycles, occur every 350 to 400 years.  Astrophysics wonks must be over the moon to be living through one. [...] So today we're in the rising phase of a solar cycle (slight warming) at the beginning of a GSM (intense cooling) in the warming phase of a super-grand solar cycle (persistent warming).  All generated by the sun, not people.  That's us, warming and cooling at the same time.

La Nina is Collapsing.  This winter has been dominated by La Nina, a period of below-normal sea surface temperatures in the tropical Pacific.  The implications of La Nina have been profound for the West Coast, with above-normal snowpack in the Northwest and dry conditions over the southwest U.S.  But there is major news on the La Nina front.  La Nina is now collapsing and should be history in a few months.

Patrick Moore and the Agenda of Fear.  Politically motivated climate alarmists are using fear to gain control of human behavior and environmental resources and undermine free, prosperous societies.  Dr. Patrick Moore, an ecologist and disillusioned cofounder of Greenpeace, exposes their agendas and false claims in his recent book Fake Invisible Catastrophes and Threats of Doom. [...] His latest book gives example after example to demonstrate that the "climate crisis" is fake news driven more by ideology than real science.  He demolishes fallacious doomsday prophesies one by one.  A chief characteristic of these scares is that they conveniently use data related to invisible (CO2, radiation) or remote (coral reefs, polar bears, walruses) entities that average citizens cannot validate through independent observation.  For explication, the public is forced to rely on activists, the media, scientists, and politicians — all of whom have huge financial or professional stakes in propping up dubious catastrophic scenarios.

The Sun Climate Connection.  Since ice ages were discovered nearly 200 years ago, various theories have been put forward to explain these cycles in the Earth's surface temperature.  Most of these theories consist of various combinations of two main hypotheses — changes in the amount of sunlight reaching the top of the Earth's atmosphere or changes in the Earth's atmosphere, which alters the balance between the amount of sunlight that reaches the Earth's surface and the amount of heat energy that radiates out to space.  Most of the energy that heats the Earth's surface comes directly or indirectly from the sunlight that arrives at the top of the atmosphere.  Only a relatively small amount of the energy that heats the Earth's surface come from inside the Earth.  The total amount of energy arriving at the top of the atmosphere from the Sun is called the Total Solar Irradiance(TSI).  As you would expect, changes in TSI will affect the temperature at the Earth's surface.  Two main mechanisms have been offered as to how changes in TSI might occur — changes to the Earth's orbit around the Sun or changes to the luminosity or the amount of light emitted by the Sun itself.

New Research Shows The Oceans Can 'Spontaneously' Warm 8°C In Under 100 Years 'Without External Trigger'.  The surface temperatures for the Greenland ice sheet have been known to warm 8 to 16°C "within decades or less" — yes, fewer than 10 years — due to "unforced oscillations."  In other words, no external forcing mechanism is required for these abrupt warming events (Li and Born, 2019).

Study suggests great earthquakes as cause of Arctic warming.  A researcher from MIPT has proposed a new explanation for the Arctic's rapid warming.  In his recent paper in Geosciences, he suggests that the warming could have been triggered by a series of great earthquakes.  Global warming is one of the pressing issues faced by civilization.  It is widely believed to be caused by human activity, which increases the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.  However, this view does not explain why temperatures sometimes rise fairly abruptly.  In the Arctic, one of the factors driving climate warming is the release of methane from permafrost and metastable gas hydrates in the shelf zone.  Since researchers began to monitor temperatures in the Arctic, the region has seen two periods of abrupt warming: first in the 1920s and '30s, and then beginning in 1980 and continuing to this day.

Sunspot update:  November most active sunspot month since 2017.  The increasing sunspot activity we saw in October continued spectacularly in November.  In fact, the amount of activity was the most seen since the summer of 2017, when the last solar maximum gave us its last big outburst.

Evidence suggests sun entering 'solar minimum' stage: reports.  There have been 100 days since there were any recorded sunspots, which one expert says is evidence that we are entering a phase called solar minimum, reports said.  There have been whispers on social media about an impending Ice Age (Just What We Need!), but NASA scientists have said we should not be overly worried, according to  "So far this year, the Sun has been blank 76 percent of the time, a rate surpassed only once before in the Space Age," reported, according to Forbes.  "Last year, 2019, the Sun was blank 77 percent of the time.  Two consecutive years of record-setting spotlessness adds up to a very deep solar minimum, indeed."

The sun has entered a 'lockdown' period, which could cause freezing weather, famine.  Our sun has gone into lockdown, which could cause freezing weather, earthquakes and famine, scientists say.  The sun is currently in a period of "solar minimum," meaning activity on its surface has fallen dramatically.  Experts believe we are about to enter the deepest period of sunshine "recession" ever recorded as sunspots have virtually disappeared.  Astronomer Dr. Tony Phillips said:  "Solar Minimum is underway and it's a deep one."  "Sunspot counts suggest it is one of the deepest of the past century.  The sun's magnetic field has become weak,

Flux and Ap index
Solar Cycle 25 Has Started.  What this figure shows is that there has been a permanent shift down in the Sun's magnetic flux into the New Cold Period.  The breakover was most probably in 2005 when the Ap Index suddenly dropped to solar-minimum type levels just above the Modern Warm Period activity floor.  Then there was another sudden break down in 2008 with the absolute low in 2009.

Curry chart Plausible Scenarios for Global Warming.  Judith Curry constructs an interesting global warming analysis by beginning with today's climate as a baseline, and assessing the next 30 years, from 2020 to 2050: [...] She then assesses the three main sources of natural variability:  volcanoes, solar irradiance, and decadal-scale ocean circulation.  As it happens, all of those three natural variability factors are likely to lower global temperatures over the next 30 years.  This chart sums up Curry's conclusions:  [Chart]  In other words, cooling trends reflecting natural variability are likely to cancel out, for the most part, any effects of increasing concentrations of CO2 over the next 30 years.  This is an interesting conclusion.  One interpretation is that climate disaster will strike after 2050, when natural variability may turn toward higher, rather than lower, temperatures.  But by then, pretty much everyone will have given up on global warming hysteria.  Which, in my view, will be a good thing no matter what happens after 2050, since global warming hysteria is all about power politics, not the environment.

New research highlights how plants are slowing global warming.  Chi Chen, a Boston University graduate researcher, and Ranga Myneni, a BU College of Arts & Sciences professor of earth and environment, released a new paper that reveals how humans are helping to increase the Earth's plant and tree cover, which absorbs carbon from the atmosphere and cools our planet.  The boom of vegetation, fueled by greenhouse gas emissions, could be skewing our perception of how fast we're warming the planet.  Taking a closer look at 250 scientific studies, land-monitoring satellite data, climate and environmental models, and field observations, a team of Boston University researchers and international collaborators have illuminated several causes and consequences of a global increase in vegetation growth, an effect called greening.

NASA admits that climate change occurs because of changes in Earth's solar orbit, and NOT because of SUVs and fossil fuels.  For more than 60 years, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has known that the changes occurring to planetary weather patterns are completely natural and normal.  But the space agency, for whatever reason, has chosen to let the man-made global warming hoax persist and spread, to the detriment of human freedom.  It was the year 1958, to be precise, when NASA first observed that changes in the solar orbit of the earth, along with alterations to the earth's axial tilt, are both responsible for what climate scientists today have dubbed as "warming" (or "cooling," depending on their agenda).  In no way, shape, or form are humans warming or cooling the planet by driving SUVs or eating beef, in other words.

The Great Global Warming Hoax.  While outfits like NASA and NOAA still tend to downplay the implications of the new and disastrously weak 11-year solar cycle number 25, their web sites contain the evidence that it is happening as I write this. [...] So far this year there have only been 11 sunspots. [...] NASA suggests that the number of sun spots in sc25 will drop to 111, which is an extremely low level of solar activity.  However, the Russian and British scientists claim they will not exceed 50!  The first is on the level of the Dalton Minimum.  The second is the level of the Maunder Minimum. [...] It is now proven that the "modern warm period" has nothing to do with increasing levels of atmospheric CO2 (which we humans do give a boost to), but has been solely caused by a huge spike in solar activity:  the greatest for 4,000 years.

Climate change hoax collapses as new science finds human activity has virtually zero impact on global temperatures.  The climate change hoax has collapsed.  A devastating series of research papers has just been published, revealing that human activity can account for no more than a .01°C rise in global temperatures, meaning that all the human activity targeted by radical climate change alarmists — combustion engines, airplane flights, diesel tractors — has virtually no measurable impact on the temperature of the planet.  Finnish scientists spearheaded the research, releasing a paper entitled, "No Experimental Evidence for the Significant Anthropogenic Climate Change."  The paper explains that IPCC analysis of global temperatures suffers from a glaring error — namely, failure to account for "influences of low cloud cover" and how it impacts global temperatures.  Natural variations in low cloud cover, which are strongly influenced by cosmic radiation's ability to penetrate Earth's atmosphere due to variations in the strength of our planet's magnetosphere, account for nearly all changes in global temperature, the researchers explain.

Global warming fanatics keep missing this elephant in the room.  When you think the summer temps in many places easily reach 90 in the summer, and go below zero in the winter, you see a hundred-degree variation due to geometry over which human beings have no control.  The amount of influence alleged for SUVs, etc. is only a couple of degrees.  Giving up all our modern conveniences would make not more than a few percentage points of difference.  But then, climate concerns were never about the weather anyway.  Just another excuse to take from the haves and buy votes from the have-nots.  It is also worth noting that there is no scientific basis whatsoever to presuppose that a natural environment should never change and that if it does, it must be man's fault.

Is the sun causing global warming?  The sun is not constant.  In fact it changes frequently and in many different ways.  The debate is over whether any of these changes affect global temperature and if so how?  On the data side, there has sometimes been a strong correlation between indicators of solar activity, such as sunspots, and estimates of global temperature.  This is the primary basis for thinking that changes in solar activity have caused some or all of the global warming.  However, sometimes that correlation has not been strong, so the data is inconclusive.  Additional data is being collected and this is a big research area.

Global Cooling:  The Real Climate Threat.  Climate alarmists constantly warn us that man-made global warming is making our world less habitable and that climate doomsday is fast approaching.  But a closer look at our climate reveals a surprising climate discovery that our mainstream media have conveniently ignored for decades:  the role of the sun in determining Earth's climate. [...] Life on Earth is possible because of Earth's perfect positioning in the solar system:  not too close to the sun and not too far.  For centuries, academicians have acknowledged this, and climate scientists today know that the sun is [the] biggest influencer and driver of global temperature.  NASA's page on solar influence clearly states that changes in the sun largely determine Earth's atmospheric and surface temperatures.  Astrophysicists and climatologists measure these changes in the sun in terms of quantifiable phenomena such as sunspot activity and solar cycles.  However, in recent times, NASA has succumbed to pressure from climate doomsday proponents.  NASA's original page on the sun's impact on our climate system is now hidden from the public domain.

Why Climate Change Isn't Science.  Strictly speaking, "Climate Change" theory isn't really a scientific theory at all.  It doesn't take into relevant account factors which arguably have a far stronger effect upon climate than CO2, like the sun, ocean currents, and the greatest greenhouse gas of them all, water vapor.

Sunspots in decline
Sunspot update December 2018: Decline to solar minimum continues.  When NOAA issued this graph last month, it finally extended it out beyond the end of 2019 to the end of 2022.  In doing so, it also extended out the 2009 prediction of the solar science community, as indicated by the red curve.  I hadn't commented on this last month, but if you look at that curve it drops to zero and then flatlines for the entire year of 2022.  If this is what the solar science community now expects for this upcoming minimum, it means that community is now expecting a record-breaking minimum, lasting far longer than any previous minimum, two to three years at least.  It also means that they have not dismissed the possibility that the Sun is about to enter a Grand Minimum, where no significant sunspot activity is seen for literally decades.  Should such a grand minimum occur, it bodes ill for global warming advocates.

100+ Papers Show the Sun Drives the Climate.  Proven by thousands of temperature datasets, the earth's climate fluctuated cyclically in the past, and there's an overwhelming body of evidence showing a close correlation with solar activity and other powerful natural factors.

Solar activity crashes — the Sun looks like a cueball.  Right now, the sun is a cueball, as seen below in this image today [4/11/2018] from the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) and has been without sunspots for 10 days.  So far in 2018, 61% of days have been without sunspots.

Massive source of 'missing' nitrogen could revolutionise climate change projections.  A team of scientists they have solved the mystery of Earth's "missing nitrogen", a discovery with significant implications for climate change.  Nitrogen is vital for plant growth, so its availability controls the amount of greenery that can exist across the planet.  The prevailing idea among scientists is that all the nitrogen used by plants comes from the air, but a new study has revealed over a quarter originates in the Earth's bedrock.

A Startling New Discovery Could Destroy All Those Global Warming Doomsday Forecasts.  Scientists just discovered a massive, heretofore unknown, source of nitrogen.  Why does this matter?  Because it could dramatically change those dire global warming forecasts that everybody claims are based on "settled science."

Climate change beclowned itself.  Overnight, scientists have had the rug pulled out from environmental science.  Nitrogen is a pretty big deal when it comes to air.  Nitrogen is 780,800 parts per million of the atmosphere, compared to the 350 to 400 parts per million that carbon dioxide is.  And for centuries, scientists have been wrong about nitrogen, which is 2,000 times as big as carbon dioxide is as part of the atmosphere.

Approaching 'grand solar minimum' could cause global cooling.  There's a lot of evidence mounting that solar cycle 25 will usher in a new grand solar minimum.  Since about October 2005, when the sun's magnetic activity went into a sharp fall, solar activity has been markedly lower, with solar cycle 24 being the lowest in over 100 years.

The liberal media have all the facts!  Except when they don't.  I saw an article by the AP the other day where they were ripping Trump as a know-nothing because he tweeted that the Northeast could use a little of that global warming.  The article said 2017 was the warmest year on record except for El Niño years, which means that it was not the warmest on record.  The article could have been in The Onion for how worthless it was.  The intent was to make people believe that 2017 was the warmest on record.  The article should say that El Niño, La Niña, the Jet Stream, polar vortices, solar activity, and other natural phenomena control the weather and climate.  Meanwhile, a significant number of us repeat over and over again that the climate is cyclical and natural, as it always has been, and we are called stupid.

100 reasons why climate change is natural and not man-made.  [#1] There is "no real scientific proof" that the current warming is caused by the rise of greenhouse gases from man's activity.  [#2] Man-made carbon dioxide emissions throughout human history constitute less than 0.00022 percent of the total naturally emitted from the mantle of the earth during geological history.  [#3] Warmer periods of the Earth's history came around 800 years before rises in CO2 levels.  [#4] After World War II, there was a huge surge in recorded CO2 emissions but global temperatures fell for four decades after 1940.  [#5] Throughout the Earth's history, temperatures have often been warmer than now and CO2 levels have often been higher -- more than ten times as high. [...] [#18] Despite activist concerns over CO2 levels, CO2 is a minor greenhouse gas, unlike water vapor which is tied to climate concerns, and which we can't even pretend to control.

Judges Forcing Trump to Reverse Climate "Endangerment Finding".  The simple truth is that the Pacific Decadal Oscillation — not recognized until 1996 — has given the world a climate scare every 25-30 years since we got thermometers about 1850.  In 1845, the ships of Sir John Franklin's Arctic expedition were crushed by ice.  Just 64 years later, in 1909, Roald Amundsen sailed through a relatively warm, ice-free Northwest Passage.  In the 1970s, we were warned urgently of a new Ice Age.  And then came the "overheated" Al Gore years, 1976-98.  The huge Pacific's 60-year oscillation raises ocean temperatures — and thus the world's — by 1-2 degrees C for about 30 years, then shifts back again for another 30 years.  Every time it shifted in the past, alarmists extended the current reading in a straight line for five or 20 years and screamed:  "Disaster!"  This time, the alarmists claim the non-warming isn't real!

Leftist Global Warming Mythology.  During the Roman Warm Period, the climate was 2°C to 6°C hotter than it is today.  The Dark Age Cold Period saw a significantly cooler climate than today.  The Medieval Warming Period, which lasted centuries, saw the climate 3°C warmer than it is today, and the Little Ice Age, which ended shortly before the American Civil War, saw temperatures 2°C lower than today.  None of these climatic changes in temperature can be explained by human activity, and all of them produced changes greater than what the Chicken Little leftists claim will produce the end of civilization.  The left also ignores explanations for any global warming that do not involve human activity. [...]

Will the sun put the brakes on global warming?  The eleven-year cycle itself snakes up and down like a roller coaster, reaching "grand maxima" and "grand minima" every 100-200 years.  The last grand maximum peaked circa 1958, after which the sun has been steadily quieting down.  Today, the drop in activity is at its steepest in 9,300 years.  Is the sun headed for a grand minimum?  If so, it immediately calls to mind the famous Maunder Minimum, during which the sun languished for seventy years.

15 New Studies Abandon Claims of Man-Made Influence on Arctic Climate
Natural Forcing Of Arctic Climate Increasingly Affirmed By Scientists.  Three years ago a cogent paper was published in the prestigious scientific journal Nature that was surprisingly candid in its rejection of the position that the substantial warming and sea ice reduction in the Arctic occurring since the late 1970s should be predominantly attributed to anthropogenic forcing.  Dr. Quinhua Ding and 6 co-authors indicated in their paper that internal processes — natural variability associated with planetary waves and the North Atlantic Oscillation — are drivers of the recent Arctic warming and sea ice reduction, concluding that "a substantial portion of recent warming in the northeastern Canada and Greenland sector of the Arctic arises from unforced natural variability."

Small ponds have outsized impact on global warming: study.  Tiny natural ponds pose an overlooked danger for speeding up global warming, according to a study published Monday in the journal Nature Climate Change.  In experiments designed to simulate moderate future warming, scientists in Britain found that such ponds — a metre (three feet) across — gradually lose the capacity to soak up one kind of greenhouse gas and give off even more of another.

The Editor says...
Have you noticed that everything (reported in stories like the one immediately above) contributes to global warming, yet nothing mitigates it?  "Tiny natural ponds" have been around for thousands of years.  Why are they just now being seen as enough of a problem to write a newspaper article about them?  Have they just now begun to contribute to global warming?  Notice also:  "tiny natural ponds" are tiny, and they're natural.  Natural means they have nothing to do with anthropogenic global warming.

Democrats' Real Global Warming Fraud Revealed.  Fortunately, high-tech research has finally sorted out the "mystery factor" in our recent climate changes — and it's mostly not CO2.  Even redoubling carbon dioxide, by itself, would raise earth's temperature only 1.1 degree.  That's significant, but not dangerous.  CERN, the world's top particle physics laboratory, just found that our big, abrupt climate changes are produced by variations in the sun's activity.  That's the same sun the modelers had dismissed as "unchanging."

Trump and the Climate Change Clown Show.  Aside from the observations, warming versus cooling, what is the hypothesis as to what is causing the change?  Some blame human activity and the burning of fossil fuels.  Others attribute temperature changes on Earth to the Sun, our solar system furnace, a million times larger than Earth.  Just as a home furnace turns on and off at the direction of a thermostat, the Sun has its own cosmic thermostat, well beyond our comprehension or control.  Turn down the Sun's thermostat, meaning reduced solar activity, and the solar system cools down.  European researchers predict a "mini ice age" from 2030 to 2040 based on decreased solar activity.  They liken it to the Maunder Minimum in the 1600s, which saw the River Thames in London completely frozen.

20 New Science Papers Find Climate Is Driven By Solar Changes.  Earlier this month, the first installment in the accumulating list of hundreds of new peer-reviewed scientific papers supporting a skeptical position on climate change alarm was made available.  Included on the list were 38 papers linking climate changes to solar forcing:  38 Sun-Climate Scientific Papers, January-March 2017[.]  Just in the last few weeks alone, another 20 scientific papers were identified which link solar variations to climate changes, which means 58 papers have already been published in 2017.

Solar Activity Weakest In More Than A Century.  Climate change has been wrongly blamed for devastating coffee plantations, a study has found.  Coffee leaf rust (CLR) caused coffee production in Colombia to fall by 40 percent between 2008 and 2011.  The decline was linked to the worst epidemic for several decades.  A number of other coffee-producing countries in Central America and the Caribbean were also affected and hundreds of thousands of people lost their livelihoods.  Some scientists linked the spread of the fungus to climate change because it thrives in higher temperatures and the moisture caused by increased rainfall.  The International Coffee Organisation, an intergovernmental body of coffee exporting and importing countries, said in 2014:  "Due to changing climatic patterns, the fungus is expanding to higher altitudes where coffee is grown."  Scientists at the University of Exeter took a different view.

Stunning new data indicates El Nino drove record highs in global temperatures suggesting rise may not be [due] to man-made emissions.  Global average temperatures over land have plummeted by more than 1C since the middle of this year — their biggest and steepest fall on record.  The news comes amid mounting evidence that the recent run of world record high temperatures is about to end.  The fall, revealed by Nasa satellite measurements of the lower atmosphere, has been caused by the end of El Nino — the warming of surface waters in a vast area of the Pacific west of Central America.

Scientists Publish Climate Research Under Fake Names.  The scientists briefly known as Den Volokin and Lark ReLlez thought they had found something big.  It was not data wrung from a clever experiment or a lucky field observation.  Instead, the pair had constructed a model, a mathematical argument, for calculating the average surface temperature of a rocky planet.  Using just two factors — electromagnetic radiation beamed by the sun into the atmosphere and the atmospheric pressure at a planet's surface — the scientists could predict a planet's temperature.  The physical principle, they said, was similar to the way that high-pressure air ignites fuel in a diesel engine.  If proved to be the case on Earth, the model would have dramatic implications:  Our planet is warming, but the solar radiation and our atmosphere would be to blame, not us.

How 'consensus science' blew the Solar Cycle 24 prediction, which turned out to be the lowest in 100 years.  A few years ago, the best solar models predicted that Solar Cycle 24 would be larger than Solar Cycle 23. [...] With the exception of [Dr. Leif] Svalgaard, the panel of consensus scientists were all wrong, and Cycle 24 is turning out to be a complete forecast bust, and the the lowest in 100 years, and it was neither extreme, nor average.  So much for consensus based science!

The End of Global Warming.  I have received emails from people who claim global warming exists and I am in denial.  To start, all of the studies that claim there is global warming end with the 19th century.  The sun has a documented 300-year cycle between maximum and minimum energy output.  It is a thermodynamic system, meaning the energy must fluctuate or else it would blow itself out if it dropped even 1 degree in temperature.  So it must survive to exist like everything in the universe.  It bursts into energy and rests just as we sleep every night.  Every possible data series warns that we are heading back into a cooling — not warming — period.  This is a normal 300-year cycle.

New Paper finds ocean circulation drives the climate on the surface.  During the last ice age (and others before it) temperatures across the Northern Hemisphere would abruptly swing up and down by a hefty 3-6°C every 1,500 years or so.  A new study using isotopes on the sea floor rather provocatively suggests that the Atlantic ocean circulation was to blame.  Apparently it slowed almost to halt, and before the surface water cooled.  It seems that when the Atlantic currents slow too far they stop bringing warmer water north from the equator and Southern Hemisphere, and thus the north ices over.  During these super-cold periods the ice sheets spread down and cover much of North America, (and real estate in Australia costs a motza).  Massive icebergs break off and drift, but apparently things took a lot longer to get cold in the Southern Hemisphere, and the north and south possibly got a bit out of whack cooling and warming in opposite phases.

'The sun goes blank again during the weakest solar cycle in more than a century'.  For the second time this month, the sun has gone completely blank.  On June 4th, the sun went completely spotless for the first time since 2011 and that quiet spell lasted for about 4 days.  Sunspot regions then reappeared for the next few weeks on a sporadic basis, but are once again completely missing from the surface of the sun.  The blank sun is a sign that the next solar minimum is approaching and there will be an increasing number of spotless days over the next few years.

Uh, oh.  New study shows Earth's internal heat drives rapid ice flow and subglacial melting in Greenland.  To understand Greenland's ice of today researchers have to go far back into Earth's history.  The island's lithosphere has hot depths which originate in its distant geological past and cause Greenland's ice to rapidly flow and melt from below.  An anomaly zone crosses Greenland from west to east where present-day flow of heat from the Earth's interior is elevated.  With this anomaly, an international team of geoscientists led by Irina Rogozhina and Alexey Petrunin from the GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences could explain observations from radar and ice core drilling data that indicate a widespread melting beneath the ice sheet and increased sliding at the base of the ice that drives the rapid ice flow over a distance of 750 kilometres from the summit area of the Greenland ice sheet to the North Atlantic Ocean.

Cold Sun Rising: New studies flip climate-change notions upside down.  Our sun doesn't maintain a constant intensity.  Instead, it cycles in spans of approximately 11 years.  When it's at its maximum, it has the highest number of sunspots on its surface in that particular cycle.  When it's at its minimum, it has almost none.  When there are more sunspots, the sun is brighter.  When there are fewer, the sun radiates less heat toward Earth.  But that's not the only cooling effect of a solar minimum.  A dim sun doesn't deflect cosmic rays away from Earth as efficiently as a bright sun.  So, when these rays enter our atmosphere, they seed clouds, which in turn cool our planet even more and increase precipitation in the form of rain, snow and hail.

Cows Help Form Clouds and Cool the Climate.  No-one expected that the formation rate of aerosol particles in the lower atmosphere would be so sensitive to amines.  A major fraction of amines in the atmosphere arise from human activities, but they have not been considered so far by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) in their climate assessments.  The CLOUD experiment has therefore revealed an important new mechanism that could contribute to a presently unaccounted cooling effect.  This will need to be considered in future by the IPCC when assessing the impact of human activities on past and future climate.  In particular, amine emissions from human activities are expected to increase.  Amine scrubbing is likely to become the dominant technology to capture carbon dioxide from fossil-fuel power plants.

Magnetism: From Neuroscience to Climate Change?  A few weeks ago, a pair of Canadian scientists, David Vares and Michael Persinger, published a paper concluding that climate change is not caused by carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from burning fossil fuels, as most people believe.  Instead, they say, global warming and the rise in CO2 are both caused by decreases in the strength of the earth's magnetic field.

Oops — The Climate Scammers Lose.  [Scroll down]  Yes, which was something that I noted immediately when I started looking at the actual data:  global temperatures had a very high correlation with observed solar activity which we have a very good record of going back hundreds of years because it was very easy to observe without modern scientific equipment.  We thus have direct observations of same and records of same.  They correlate, with a fairly deterministic (that is, fixed) lag time, to global temperatures.  CO2 does not which means you need to postulate a model that does not square with what we know about the physical properties of carbon dioxide.

Driving Force in Climate Changes, Volcanos and Earthquakes.  In 1995, Henrik Svensmark discovered a startling connection between the cosmic ray flux from space and cloud cover.  He found that when the sun is more active — more sunspots, a stronger magnetic field, larger auroras, stronger solar winds, etc. — fewer cosmic rays strike the earth and cloud cover is reduced, resulting in warmer temperatures.  Svensmark offers a complete chain of events that explains the variations in global temperature that have puzzled climatologists for so many years, and that has now led to an explanation for the recent global warming episode that ended approximately 17 years ago.  Changes to the Sun's brightness are believed to have altered temperatures by very little through direct means.  What Svensmark and other scientists are showing is that the main cooling that occurs during solar minimums is not just because the sun is sending less warming rays but through reduction in protective capacity in terms of cosmic rays.  It is an indirect effect.

Protecting Humanity from Ice Ages.  I must confess I never much worried about the supposed dangers of global warming — even if we could rely on the predictions of IPCC climate models.  In fact, they seem to be failing miserably, as judged by the ongoing pause in GW — while atmospheric levels of anthropogenic CO2 and other greenhouse gases continue to increase.  It seems that our climate is mainly controlled by natural forcings, like solar activity and atmosphere-ocean oscillations that are not included in current models.

Former UN Lead Author: Global Warming Caused By 'Natural Variations' In Climate.  Global temperature change observed over the last hundred years or so is well within the natural variability of the last 8,000 years, according to a new paper by a former Intergovernmental Panel On Climate Change (IPCC) lead author.  Dr. Philip Lloyd, a South Africa-based physicist and climate researcher, examined ice core-based temperature data going back 8,000 years to gain perspective on the magnitude of global temperature changes over the 20th Century.  What Lloyd found was that the standard deviation of the temperature over the last 8,000 years was about 0.98 degrees Celsius — higher than the 0.85 degrees climate scientists say the world has warmed over the last century.

Landscape and Ocean Changes, Not Carbon-Dioxide, Dominate Climate.  In Landscapes and Cycles, biologist and ecologist Jim Steele has produced a stunning exposé of the way scientists, wedded to the idea human-caused carbon-dioxide emissions are changing the environment in dangerous ways, operate to the detriment of the scientific process and the environment they claim to care about.

Scientists: Orbital Variations Main Cause of Climate Change.  Milankovitch cycles are fluctuations which occur in Earth's orbit every 20,000, 40,000 and 100,000 years, which bring about an ice age every 100,000 years or so.  Currently, Earth is in the middle of a warming period, and has been for the last 11,000 years, Dr. Donald Canfield, professor at the Nordic Center for Earth Evolution at the university and one of the principle researchers, said, the Daily Caller reported.

Global warming has slowed — and recent changes are down to 'natural variability', says study.  Global warming hasn't happened as fast as expected, according to a new study based on 1,000 years of temperature records.  The research claims that natural variability in surface temperatures over the course of a decade can account for increases and dips in warming rates.

Bad news for warmists: Sun has entered 'weakest solar cycle in a century'.  The conceit that human production of carbon dioxide is capable of driving the earth's climate is running smack into the sun.  CO2 accounts for a mere 0.039% of the atmosphere, while the sun accounts for 99.86% of all of the mass in our entire solar system.

Sunspot Trends Suggest Global Cooling Ahead.  Reduced periods of sunspot activity correlate with cooler and very cold periods, with higher incidences producing opposite effects.  If a leading theory regarding why this occurs is correct, a weaker magnetic heliosphere surrounding our Solar System evidenced by low sunspot activity permits more cosmic rays from deep space to enter Earth's protective magnetosphere and atmosphere.  This increased flux of heavy electrons — or "muons" — striking the atmosphere produces increased cloud cover, in turn reflecting more solar radiation away from Earth and back to space.

CO2 emissions not the cause of U.S. West Coast warming.  The rise in temperatures along the U.S. West Coast during the past century is almost entirely the result of natural forces — not human emissions of greenhouse gases, according to a major new study released today [9/22/2014] in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Please Don't Feed the Eco-Intellectuals.  This has been a week of eco-propaganda on a global scale.  On Sunday there were "Climate Marches."  On Tuesday [9/23/2014] there will be a UN "Climate Summit", and there will likely be an avalanche of nonsense in the media intended to make us believe we have control, influence, or impact on the climate when it is obvious to the rest of us that we — the human race — have none.  In the past nearly two decades we have all been experiencing not a warning, but a cooling of planet Earth.  It has nothing to do with us and everything to do with the Sun that has been in a low cycle of radiation — less heat!

Huge Ocean Whirpools Help Drive Weather And Climate.  Next up, Warmists will surely tell us that the whirpools have increased and have a bigger impact because of Mankind's "carbon pollution" output.

New paper finds huge 'whirlpools' in the ocean are driving weather & climate.  A new paper published in Science has discovered "giant 'whirlpools' in the ocean, up to 500 kilometres across, are driving the world's climate on a scale previously unimagined.  We just don't know exactly how yet."

Global Warming and Solar Cycles.  The solar wind, by modulating the galactic cosmic rays which reach the earth, determines both the formation of clouds and the carbon dioxide level in the earth's atmosphere — which has nothing to do with emissions from factories or automobiles!  Sunspot cycles cause only slight changes in the sun's radiation, but these changes are amplified many fold by interaction 1) with ozone in the upper stratosphere, and 2) with clouds in the lower troposphere.

Is a mini ice age on the way?  The Sun's activity is at its lowest for 100 years, scientists have warned.  They say the conditions are eerily similar to those before the Maunder Minimum, a time in 1645 when a mini ice age hit, Freezing London's River Thames.  Researcher believe the solar lull could cause major changes, and say there is a 20% chance it could lead to 'major changes' in temperatures.

New paper suggests the sun's magnetic fields defines climate over the long term.  The new aspect in this research is that all earlier investigations in this field only sought for the dependence of the terrestrial ground temperature on the number of sunspots, which is a "proxy" for the equatorial magnetic fields of the sun.  But the sun has two big magnetic areas, the equatorial and the polar one.  In this research both are included.

Cold Winters, Hot News.  The previous lengthy period of low solar activity was the so-called Maunder Minimum that occurred between about 1640 and 1710.  This was coincident with a cold climatic spell called the Little Ice Age.  This was once thought to be confined to North West Europe, then the Northern Hemisphere.  However recent research is showing this cold spell to be a global phenomenon.  It would be fair to say that no one knows why the Little Ice Age took place.  Some believe that the relatively low solar irradiance inferred for the time from proxy data when combined with volcanic effects can account for it, but the argument is not convincing.

A global cooling consensus.  Solar activity is now falling more rapidly than at any time in the last 10,000 years.

Here Comes the Sun: Global Warming and the Perversion of Science.  Warmists didn't get everything wrong: CO2 levels are indeed greater than they were just a few decades ago, thanks to China's industrialization.  Yet global temperatures have not increased in 17 years; actually, they are trending down, undercutting the warmists' key argument.  The seeming contradiction can be explained by, well, looking up.  Orbiting the sun 150 million kilometers (93 million miles) out, Earth receives less than five ten-billionths of the star's radiation.  Even so, variations in the star's output may cause — have caused — major climatological events, a fact warmists choose to ignore.

The Sun's Magnetic Field is about to Flip.  Something big is about to happen on the sun.  According to measurements from NASA-supported observatories, the sun's vast magnetic field is about to flip.

Looming weak solar max may herald frosty times.  The current solar activity cycle, possibly the weakest in 100 years, is approaching its maximum.  This may signal a future low period for the sun, probably not unlike the one that caused the so-called Little Ice Age from the mid-16th to mid-19th centuries.

The Warmist Crisis.  The Warmist conspiracy has reached a critical point, with doubters in the establishment speaking out. [...] In March, a scientific study "Orbital forcing of tree-ring data" found that global warming is caused by that big yellow thing in the sky.  Earth's orbit varies over the centuries.  Changing distance to the sun affects temperature.  Furthermore, Russian scientists have determined that the global temperature will cool by 1.5 degrees Celsius by 2030.

Changing sun, changing climate.  Scientists have been studying solar influences on the climate for more than 5000 years.  Chinese imperial astronomers kept detailed sunspot records, and noticed that more sunspots meant warmer weather.  In 1801, celebrated astronomer William Herschel, the first to observe Uranus, noted that when there were fewer spots the price of wheat soared.  He surmised that less "light and heat" from the sun resulted in reduced harvests.

UV shift in the leaked IPCC report: more inversion of the scientific method.  A Fox News story on the leaked draft of AR5 got big attention through the Drudge Report the other week.  Fox reporter Maxim Lott begins by quoting a sentence from the Second Order Draft that seems to acknowledge a larger solar influence on climate than previously estimated.

Report shows UN admitting solar activity may play significant role in global warming.  The Earth has been getting warmer — but how much of that heat is due to greenhouse gas emissions and how much is due to natural causes?  A leaked report by a United Nations' group dedicated to climate studies says that heat from the sun may play a larger role than previously thought.

NASA on the sun: "...tiny variations can have a significant effect on terrestrial climate.".  In the galactic scheme of things, the Sun is a remarkably constant star.  While some stars exhibit dramatic pulsations, wildly yo-yoing in size and brightness, and sometimes even exploding, the luminosity of our own sun varies a measly 0.1% over the course of the 11-year solar cycle.  There is, however, a dawning realization among researchers that even these apparently tiny variations can have a significant effect on terrestrial climate.

Solar irradiance
The Sun Causes Climate Change.  The graph shows a correlation between the solar irradiance and the Northern Hemisphere temperatures since 1600.  The temperatures to 1850 were derived from proxy records.  The temperature curve is from surface temperature record from 1850 to 1980, and from satellite lower troposphere record from 1980.  The surface temperature record is contaminated by the effects of urban development.  Black soot aerosols have contributed to a portion of the recent warming.  Two solar irradiance proxy reconstructions are shown.

Yes, the Ocean Has Warmed; No, It's Not 'Global Warming'.  Contrary to recent press reports that the oceans hold the still-undetected global atmospheric warming predicted by climate models, ocean warming occurs in 100-year cycles, independent of both radiative and human influences.

Paper demonstrates solar activity was at a grand maximum in the late 20th century.  The work by Ilya G. Usoskin of the Sodankyla Geophysical Observatory at the University of Oulu, Finland was published in Living Reviews of Solar Physics.  The paper examines records from two isotope proxies (Be10 and C14) and finds that solar activity at the end of the 20th century was at the highest levels of the past 1200 years.

In climate change, we are not to blame.  An important process with regards to climate change is the prevalence of naturally occurring multi-decadal periods of fluctuations in both global and local temperature, precipitation, and other climate elements.  The usual period of these variations is about 50-70 years or roughly 25-35 years between low to high or high to low periods.  The weather 25-35 years ago can often seem different from what we experience today.  I have heard many adults say that the weather-climate now is different than when they were a kid.  And this is often true.  Such multi-decadal periods have always been part of the earth's climate system.

Solar radiation
Global-warming fanatics take note: Sunspots do impact climate.  Scientists have been studying solar influences on the climate for more than 5,000 years.  Chinese imperial astronomers kept detailed sunspot records.  They noticed that more sunspots meant warmer weather.  In 1801, the celebrated astronomer William Herschel (discoverer of the planet Uranus) observed that when there were fewer spots, the price of wheat soared.  He surmised that less light and heat from the sun resulted in reduced harvests.

Are We Melting Yet?  Solar output follows 11-year cycles with a higher number of sunspots at a cycle's peak.  Experts at NASA and the University of Arizona have suggested that cycle 25 will peak in 2022 weakly.  Their readings come from magnetic-field measurements 120,000 miles beneath the sun's surface.  Henrik Svensmark, director of the Center for Sun-Climate Research at Denmark's National Space Institute, believes that "world temperatures may end up a lot cooler than now for 50 years or more.  It will take a long battle to convince some climate scientists that the sun is important.  It may well be that the sun is going to demonstrate this on its own, without the need for their help."

New paper finds clouds act as a negative feedback and cause significant cooling.  A paper published today [7/5/2012] in the Journal of Geophysical Research finds that a natural atmospheric oscillation, the Southern Annular Mode, is correlated to significant increases in cloud cover resulting in "large scale" local cooling of approximately -2.5°C.  All climate models falsely assume clouds result in net positive feedback and increased temperatures, however this new paper and several others show clouds instead result in net negative feedback and cooling.

Cosmic Rays and Climate Change.  In a front-page article in the American Geophysical Union's weekly news journal EOS, Ram et al. (2009) discussed what they described as the "prolonged debate in the scientific community as to whether or not changes in solar activity significantly affect Earth's climate," a subject that was first broached by Ney (1959), who long ago suggested that the solar-modulated terrestrial cosmic ray flux (CRF) "must be considered as possibly affecting climate," which is also suggested by the more recent work of Bond et al. (2001)...

Evidence of nearby supernovae affecting life on Earth.  Scientists at the National Space Institute, University of Denmark, have hypothesized that high-energy cosmic rays, modulated by the sun, influence cloudiness on earth, which may cause climate change.  Increasing cloudiness increases the reflection of visible light from the sun which results in cooling.  Conversely, decreasing cloudiness reduces the reflection this solar energy, which results in warming.  Even though these effects have been demonstrated by experiments, the hypothesis is not popular among those who declare that carbon dioxide is the main cause of global warming / climate change.

Does global warming cause extreme weather?  The theory that climate change, both global warming and cooling, is related to magnetic disturbances on the sun and cloud-creating cosmic rays is supported by a large number of scientists who have published their findings in refereed journals.  This theory has succeeded in explaining climate changes whether the scale is years or hundreds of millions of years.  For example, it explains the colder climate from 2006-2010 as partly the result of reduced solar activity and the recent warmer climate as partly the result of solar activity rising throughout 2011.

Global warming: Is the sun to blame?  To me, this is a no-brainer.  ALL of our climate comes from the sun.  It warms the earth, it causes winds and waves, and it makes life on Earth possible.  The downside is that the sun has cycles, just like everything else, and most of those we aren't even aware of yet.  Many may cover such a long time that we may never know about them.

There goes the Sun.  According to the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, the Sun may be reversing its polarity much to the delight of the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtle fans.  Apparently the Sun's north pole and south pole swap being positive and negative.  Ah, our bipolar main source of heat (the Earth itself also has a hot core that affects the Earth's temperature, but don't tell anyone).  But the Sun's north pole may flip next month without the south flipping.  That messes things up.

Svensmark's Cosmic Theory Confirmed.  Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) is the hypothesis being slain by an ugly fact.  AGW has dominated world attention for thirty years because proponents used it to push a political agenda.

"A significant measure of negative feedback to global warming".  A new paper just published in Geophysical Research Letters by Roger Davies and Mathew Molloy of the University of Auckland finds that over the past decade the global average effective cloud height has declined and that "If sustained, such a decrease would indicate a significant measure of negative cloud feedback to global warming."

The Sun: O Inconstant Star!  As solar activity declines and rate of global warming follows suit, it is natural to wonder whether the two are in some manner related.  Science is all over the map on this one — and is hardly the "settled" stuff our greener friends want us to believe.

Cosmic Ray Warming Theory Gains Scientific Traction.  Researchers at the CERN particle physics laboratory in Geneva, Switzerland report new evidence supporting the theory that cosmic rays may be amplifying the sun's impact on global temperatures and climate.  Scientists have long known changes in solar energy output directly affect global temperatures.  According to cosmic ray theory, changes in solar energy output have an additional impact on global temperatures by affecting the number of interstellar cosmic rays that reach the Earth's atmosphere.

More Evidence of a Solar Trigger.  The authors provide evidence that the 11 year solar cycle may be the trigger for El Niño/La Niña events.

Ultraviolet light shone on cold winter conundrum.  Recent cold winters that brought chaos to the UK and other places in northern Europe may have their roots in the Sun's varying ultraviolet emissions.  The latest satellite data shows the UV output is far more changeable than scientists had previously thought.

Solar flux 1868 to 1996

Okay, Say It With Me Again Class, "It's The Sun Stupid."  Solar activity appears to have a substantial influence on global temperatures.

'Consensus' science, global warming, and Obama's reality-blind EPA.  [Scroll down]  ["]Scientists studying sunspots for the past two decades have concluded that the magnetic field that triggers their formation has been steadily declining.  If the current trend continues, by 2016 the sun's face may become spotless and remain that way for decades — a phenomenon that in the 17th century coincided with a prolonged period of cooling on Earth.["]  That "prolonged period of cooling?"  That would be the Little Ice Age, during which the Thames River froze over in London and New Yorkers walked from Manhattan to Staten Island — on ice.  So then, why is the EPA saddling American businesses with a plethora of new "greenhouse gas" emission regulations aimed at stopping "global warming?"

When Science Isn't.  You could almost feel the fear emanating from the official statement/caveat issued by the director of CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research.  Its scientists, it seems, had discovered something they shouldn't have. ... This time CERN's researchers have found that nearly half of the global warming observed of late isn't traceable to man's activities after all but to sunspots, specifically the fluctuations in solar cosmic rays that promote cloud formation.

Obama: The Obsolete 'Post Office President'.  [Scroll down]  Over the past 15 years, [Danish physicist Henrik] Svensmark has quietly made the whole global warming theory obsolete by developing a new theory about how cosmic rays — fast-moving charged particles from deep space — react with the atmosphere to create the "nucleation sites" that lead to the formation of clouds, cooling the Earth.  Svensmark has begun to demonstrate in detail how this effect, which has nothing whatsoever to do with the mileage of your SUV, explains variations in cloud cover and variations in global temperatures. ... This was not reported in the left-leaning media, but is extensively covered by Daily Telegraph blogger James Delingpole and summarized in the Wall Street Journal.

The Other Climate Theory.  Current climate models do not consider any impact of cosmic rays on clouds.  Scientists have been speculating on the relationship among cosmic rays, solar activity and clouds since at least the 1970s. But the notion didn't get a workout until 1995, when Danish physicist Henrik Svensmark came across a 1991 paper by Eigil Friis-Christensen and Knud Lassen, who had charted a close relationship between solar variations and changes in the earth's surface temperature since 1860.

Watching A Green Fiction Unravel.  The results from an experiment to mimic Earth's atmosphere by CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research, tell researchers that the sun has a significant effect on our planet's temperature.  Its magnetic field acts as a gateway for cosmic rays, which play a large role in cloud formation.  Consequently, when the sun's magnetic field allows cosmic rays to seed cloud cover, temperatures are cooler.  When it restricts cloud formation by deflecting cosmic rays away from Earth, temperatures go up.  Or, as the London Telegraph's James Delingpole delicately put it:  "It's the sun, stupid."

Sun Causes Climate Change Shock.  It's the sun, stupid. More specifically — as the Danish physicist Henrik Svensmark has long postulated — it's the result of cosmic rays which act as a seed for cloud formation.  The scientists working on the project are naturally euphoric:  this is a major breakthrough which will not only overturn decades of misguided conjecture on so-called Man Made Global Warming but will spare the global economy trillions of dollars which might otherwise have been squandered on utterly pointless efforts to reduce anthropogenic CO2 emissions.

The next climate debate bombshell.  Get ready for the next big bombshell in the man-made warming debate. The world's most sophisticated particle study laboratory — CERN in Geneva — will soon announce that more cosmic rays do, indeed, create more clouds in earth's atmosphere.  More cosmic rays mean a cooler planet.  Thus, the solar source of the earth's long, moderate 1,500-year climate cycle will finally be explained.

Scientific American says...
Sunspot-Related Cooling Can't Offset Greenhouse Warming.  How much light the sun emits affects the Earth's weather and climate.  And sunspots -- dark dots on the face of the great fusion reactor in the sky -- do alter the orb's output.  So when solar scientists said last week that sunspot cycles might be going into hibernation, the impact on our planet's climate became a hot topic.  Previous prolonged weakenings in the solar cycle may have launched mini-Ice Ages.  An example is the so-called Maunder Minimum in the 1600s and 1700s when the Thames River routinely froze, something that never happens today.

The Editor says...
The writer admits that decreased solar activity in years past has caused substantial cooling, yet he evidently believes there are heat sources on the Earth that can make up for decreased solar power output.  I have neither the time nor the inclination to dignify such a ridiculous supposition with any further rebuttal.

Gore's Got It Wrong: It's Just Bad Weather.  What's causing this wild winter weather?  An atmospheric pattern known as the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO). ... The NAO has what we call a "negative" and "positive" phase.  Right now, we've entered the negative mode, which often lasts for decades.  The last time it went negative was from 1955 to 1979.  Many of the weather records that are being broken this winter were established during that frigid 24-year period.

NASA and IPCC Exploit Or Ignore Natural Events Like Solar Flares.  Is NASA diverting attention from the public's growing awareness of the role of the Sun in global warming and climate change?  They've drifted a long way from when they were doing good non-political climate science with publication of Sun, Weather, and Climate by Herman and Goldberg in 1978.  The best book on these relationships since, is The Maunder Minimum and the Variable Sun-Earth Connection by Willie Soon and Steven Yaskell.

It's the Sun, Stupid.  [Scroll down]  The NASA statement is simply astounding to me.  It says, quite unambiguously, that our climate is dominated by the sun and our orientation to it.  It also credits non-carbon sources as "important forcings" of our climate:  clouds, particulate matter and surface brightness.  Finally, it warns of coming global cooling!  Of course, the NASA statement still says there is human-caused warming.  But, it will be swamped by these other forces to yield net cooling.  In short, whatever man is doing to the climate, it is insignificant in the face of natural forcings.

The Editor says...
Be ye not deceived:  'Forcing' is not a noun.

Why It's Too Hot — Blame the Sun.  The public has been buffeted for decades as the global warming fraud produced reams of reports that the Earth was heating dramatically.  It wasn't.  In November 2009, the "Climategate" scandal broke, revealing that the data put forth by the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) was rigged, false, a scam.  A handful of rogue climatologists working together from East Anglia, England, to Penn State University provided deliberately false information.
This is an original compilation, Copyright © 2024 by Andrew K. Dart

Magnetic Polar Shifts Causing Massive Global Superstorms.  Forget about global warming — man-made or natural — what drives planetary weather patterns is the climate and what drives the climate is the sun's magnetosphere and its electromagnetic interaction with a planet's own magnetic field.

Climate Science Blinded By The Sun.  The never-ending controversy over climate change has at least achieved one thing:  it's debunked the notion that the more we find out about something, the more certain our understanding becomes.  From the link between air pollution and global temperatures to the role of clouds in keeping the Earth warm (or maybe cool), the science of climate change just gets ever more confusing.  Now there's evidence that the role of the key driver of the Earth's climate may have been fundamentally misunderstood.  The Sun, it seems, may not warm our world according to the laws of common sense.  This will come as an unpleasant surprise to those climate scientists who habitually respond to scepticism about their predictions with the mantra "the science is settled".

Pay attention to sunspot forecasts.  [Scroll down slowly]  The sunspot index has a 79 percent correlation with the earth's temperatures since 1860, while CO2 has only a 22 percent correlation.  The sunspot index has been predicting global cooling since 2000.  Changes in sunspots have also predicted the failure of many human societies over the past 5000 years — including the collapse of the Mayan civilization and the death of the Roman Empire.

Climate Change 101:  Key Global Warming Facts.  [#2]  Temperatures, Sunspots, Cosmic Rays:  There is a 95 percent correlation between Earth's temperatures and sunspots since 1860.  There is virtually no correlation between our temperatures and CO2 in the atmosphere.  The sunspot number has recently dropped to zero.  In the past, when sunspot numbers and our temperatures have diverged, the sunspots have been the leading indicator.  The temperatures have soon shifted to follow.  Does this mean that Earth's temperatures will soon decline?  History says yes.

It's the Sun, stupid.  Four years ago, when I first started profiling scientists who were global warming skeptics, I soon learned two things:  Solar scientists were overwhelmingly skeptical that humans caused climate change and, overwhelmingly, they were reluctant to go public with their views.  Often, they refused to be quoted at all, saying they feared for their funding, or they feared other recriminations from climate scientists in the doomsayer camp.  When the skeptics agreed to be quoted at all, they often hedged their statements, to give themselves wiggle room if accused of being a global warming denier.  Scant few were outspoken about their skepticism.  No longer.

CO2 or (as Usual) the Sun?  [Scroll down]  Doubling CO2 from now would have little impact on temperature (but would boost crop yields by about 70 percent).  It's interesting that during the Roman Warming (250BC - 450 AD) and the Medieval Warming (900 - 1280 AD) periods, European temperatures reached 1.5 - 2.0°C. warmer than now.  This had nothing to do with CO2 but was due to the normal cause — increased solar radiation (which regularly changes).  These were boom periods due to increased rainfall and, therefore, increased crop yields!

Climategate:  How to Hide the Sun.  In 2003, two Harvard-Smithsonian Professors, Willie Soon and Sallie Baliunas, published a peer-reviewed paper in the scientific journal Climate Research which identified solar activity as a major influence on Earth's climate.  This paper also concluded that the twentieth century was not the warmest, nor was it the century with the most extreme weather over the past thousand years.  These two scientists reviewed more than two hundred sources of data.  The paper specifically examined climate variations observed to coincide with solar variations.

Hubris, thy name is Gore.  I just googled the phrase "how many ice ages have there been?"  What I learned is that there have been at least four major Ice ages, and dozens of smaller ones. ... The reasons put forth for all of these global cooling and warming periods include volcanic activity, solar activity, slight changes in the earth's orbit, and tectonic movement.  One reason that isn't mentioned is human activity.

Earth approaching sunspot records.  The sun's recent activity, or lack thereof, may be linked to the pleasant summer temperatures the midwest has enjoyed this year, sai Charlie Perry, a research hydrologist with the U.S. Geological Survey in Lawrence.  The sun is at a low point of a deep solar minimum in which there are few to no sunspots on its surface.  In July through August, 51 consecutive days passed without a spot, one day short of tying the record of 52 days from the early 1900s.

Cloud cover and cosmic radiation.  Greater solar activity means less cosmic radiation and less cloud cover; and less solar activity means more cosmic radiation and greater cloud cover.  In this sense, scientists have confirmed that the total cloud cover over the Earth's surface, measured by satellites since 1979, oscillates between 65% and 68%, and this variation seems to have coincided, in terms of low cloud cover (up to an altitude of 3 km), with variations in the incoming cosmic radiation reaching the Earth.

The sun and the oceans do not lie.  [Scroll down]  What makes this even odder is that the runaway warming predicted by their computer models simply isn't happening.  Last week one of the four official sources of temperature measurement, compiled from satellite data by the University of Huntsville, Alabama, showed that temperatures have now fallen to their average level since satellite data began 30 years ago.  Faced with a "consensus" view which looks increasingly implausible, a fast-growing body of reputable scientists from many countries has been coming up with a "counter-consensus", which holds that their fellow scientists have been looking in wholly the wrong direction to explain what is happening to the world's climate.  The two factors which most plausibly explain what temperatures are actually doing are fluctuations in the radiation of the sun and the related shifting of ocean currents.

Sun-Caused Warming:  A team of international scientists has finally figured out why sunspots have a dramatic effect on the weather.  It shows the folly of fearing the SUV while dismissing that thermonuclear furnace in the sky.

Nature, Not Human Activity, Rules the Climate.  Our concern about the environment, going back some 40 years, has taught us important lessons.  It is one thing to impose drastic measures and harsh economic penalties when an environmental problem is clear-cut and severe.  It is foolish to do so when the problem is largely hypothetical and not substantiated by observations.  As NIPCC shows by offering an independent, non-governmental 'second opinion' on the 'global warming' issue, we do not currently have any convincing evidence or observations of significant climate change from other than natural causes.

Cooling the Hysteria:  Time to Ask the "Nasty Questions".  Like doctrine, we've been told that the drought of the 1970s and 1980s in the African region is a tell-tale sign of anthropogenic global warming.  But Mojib Latif, showing wide fluctuations in precipitation levels in the Sahel throughout the past century — including a probable reversal now from regional drought to rainfall — argues these "anomalies" can be traced to natural swings in the Atlantic's surface temperatures.

Climate Change:  Driven by the Ocean, not Human Activity.  This paper discusses how the variation in the global ocean's Meridional Overturning Circulation resulting from changes in the Atlantic Thermohaline Circulation and deep water Surrounding Antarctica Subsidence can be the primary cause of climate change.

'Quiet Sun' baffling astronomers.  The Sun normally undergoes an 11-year cycle of activity.  At its peak, it has a tumultuous boiling atmosphere that spits out flares and planet-sized chunks of super-hot gas.  This is followed by a calmer period.  Last year, it was expected that it would have been hotting up after a quiet spell.  But instead it hit a 50-year year low in solar wind pressure, a 55-year low in radio emissions, and a 100-year low in sunspot activity.

The missing sunspots:  Is this the big chill?  Scientists are baffled by what they're seeing on the Sun's surface — nothing at all.  And this lack of activity could have a major impact on global warming.

Future not so bright as sun dims.  Sunspots  — islands of magnetism on the sun's surface that appear darker when seen from Earth — are the most visible sign of an active sun.  The fact that they are vanishing means we are heading into a period of solar lethargy.  Where will it all end?  Solar activity varies over an 11-year cycle, but it experiences longer-term variations, highs and lows that can last about a century.

The sceptic's shadow of doubt.  Professor Ian Plimer isn't short on confidence.  Two weeks ago, Plimer, an award-winning geologist from the University of Adelaide, published Heaven + Earth, a 500-page argument against the idea that humans can dramatically affect climate.  "Very few people know that the planet changes all the time — that we have these massive cycles driven by forces far greater than human forces — and in many ways it is my job as an educator to say 'look at the big canvas'," he tells The Age.

Is the Sun a Global Warming Denier?  The whole point is that climate is the most complex of systems, and that it is impossible — madness even — to try to predict future climates with respect to one politically-selected variable.  So what precisely is all the fuss about this very big other variable, the Sun?

Jack Eddy.  Jack Eddy, who died on June 10 aged 78, was a solar astronomer best known for his demonstration that irregular variations in solar surface activity were associated with major shifts in the earth's climate.

When Almost Everyone is Lying to You.  Some five hundred people attended [a conference] to hear three days of lectures and seminars on the true science, the known science, regarding the greatest hoax ever perpetrated on mankind, global warming.  How can it be that millions can be led to believe the Earth is warming when, in fact, the warming that occurred following the end of the last Little Ice Age in 1850 was completely natural?  Nothing "forced" it to occur as is the claim about the Industrial Revolution, the use of so-called fossil fuels, and an utterly false assertion that carbon dioxide (CO2) is the primary factor for the warming.  Like all periods of warming (and cooling) the Sun was and is the primary factor.  Everything else pales in comparison.

Solar Activity And Climate Change:  During the Maunder Minimum, a period of diminished solar activity between 1645 and 1715, sunspots were rare on the face of the sun, sometimes disappearing entirely for months to years.  At the same time, Earth experienced a bitter cold period known as the "Little Ice Age."  Were the events connected?

Solar activity proxies
NASA Study Acknowledges Solar Cycle, Not Man, Responsible for Past Warming.  Some researchers believe that the solar cycle influences global climate changes.  They attribute recent warming trends to cyclic variation.  Skeptics, though, argue that there's little hard evidence of a solar hand in recent climate changes.  Now, a new research report from a surprising source may help to lay this skepticism to rest.  A study from NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland looking at climate data over the past century has concluded that solar variation has made a significant impact on the Earth's climate.  The report concludes that evidence for climate changes based on solar radiation can be traced back as far as the Industrial Revolution.

Solar Scenarios.  James A. Marusek, a nuclear physicist and engineer, recently wrote about the current [solar] cycle and I will excerpt his article. ... "We are now at a crossroad," writes Marusek.  "Two paths lie before us.  Down one path lies monstrous solar storms.  Down the other path lies several decades of crushing cold temperatures and global famine."  Our most current experience with the latter has been the cycle that began around 1998 when the Earth's average temperatures began to cool.  It has been accompanied by glaciers that have begun to grow, increasing ice at the North and South Poles, and snowfall in desert nations that have not seen snow in their recorded history.

Sun Plunges into the Quietest Solar Minimum in a Century.  2008 was a bear.  There were no sunspots observed on 266 of the year's 366 days (73 percent).  To find a year with more blank suns, you have to go all the way back to 1913, which had 311 spotless days.  Prompted by these numbers, some observers suggested that the solar cycle had hit bottom in 2008.  Maybe not.

Solar activity lowest in nearly 100 years.  U.S. solar physicists say the sun is experiencing the least sunspot activity since 1913 and activity is becoming less frequent.  National Aeronautics and Space Administration solar physicist Dean Pesnell at the Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md., said during 2008 there were no sunspots observed on 266 of the year's 366 days — 73 percent of the year.  To find a year with more blank suns, you have to go to 1913, which had 311 spotless days.

The Sun is More Active Now that in the Previous 1,000 Years.  Scientists at the Zurich-based Institute for Astronomy have discovered that the frequency of sunspot activity coincides with global warming and cooling.

 Editor's Note:   Obviously, if that's the case, no new legislation or federal spending will combat global warming — or cooling.

The sun is a variable star.  Objective scientists find that the evidence supporting a man-made global warming trend is at best skimpy.  However, it cannot and should not be denied that climate changes take place and that they have done so since long before man even made an appearance on Earth.  Based on many different indicators from widely varying sources, it has been found that our sun, a variable star, is a major and controlling influence on the extent and rate of long- and short-term climate changes affecting Earth.

Solar Winds Cooling Warmist Doomsaying.  Global warming alarmists face yet another challenge to their predictions of an inferno of doom.  The solar wind is losing power, and is at a fifty year low, according to NASA.  The Ulysses solar probe reports a 13% drop in temperature, a 20% drop in density, and a 30% drop-off in the sun's magnetic field, marking this as the weakest period of solar wind on record (records go back to the 1960's).  What does this mean?

A Spotless Sun.  There's a wonderful irony in the fact that, back in the 1970s, the Greens were issuing warnings and even writing books about the coming Ice Age.  They would abandon this issue, based in well-known and accepted solar science, in favor of a vast international hoax alleging man-made global warming.  As the global warming hoax begins to lose its power to influence public opinion and policy, the Greens are not likely to be heeded for a long time to come because they were right about an Ice Age and lying through their teeth about global warming.

Workshop speaker:  Sunspots, not fossil fuels, agents of climate change.  A photo of the sun showing an absence of sunspot activity during August captured the attention of about 350 ranchers in La Grande Saturday [1/17/2009] when Gary Sides, cattle nutritionist for Pfizer Animal Health, argued that changes in sunspot activity, not greenhouse gases, are primarily responsible for global climate change.

Global warming has paused.  Unfortunately, many scientists appear to forget that weather and climate also are controlled by nature, as we witness weather changes every day and climate changes in longer terms.  During the last several years, I have suggested that it is important to identify the natural effects and subtract them from the temperature changes.  Only then can we be sure of the man-made contributions.  This suggestion brought me the dubious honor of being designated "Alaska's most famous climate change skeptic."

New Report Calls into Question 'Man-Made' Climate Change.  New scientific evidence suggests there is a stronger link between solar activity and climate trends on Earth than there is with greenhouse gases, Fred Singer, an atmospheric and space physicist, told  The new data call into question whether scientific evidence shows that global warming is a man-made phenomenon and suggests that natural forces, as opposed to human activity, may drive global climate change.

Nature, Not Human Activity, Rules the Climate.  Our concern about the environment, going back some 40 years, has taught us important lessons.  It is one thing to impose drastic measures and harsh economic penalties when an environmental problem is clear-cut and severe.  It is foolish to do so when the problem is largely hypothetical and not substantiated by observations.

New Hope for Global Warming Deniers.  [Scroll down]  The most fascinating and encouraging news for the deniers is from Australian astrophysicists I.R.G. Wilson, B.D. Carter, and I.A. Waite.  They have developed a theory that the sunspot cycle and its intensity is driven by the gravitational relationships between the Sun and the Jovian planets Jupiter and Saturn.  The Sun wobbles a bit around the center of the Solar System.  Sometimes the center of the Solar System lies outside the surface of the Sun, only 1,000 times heavier than Jupiter and 3,000 times heavier than Saturn.  All that wobbling seems to affect the behavior of the Sun.

Astronomical Influences Affect Climate More Than CO2, Say Experts.  Warming and cooling cycles are more directly tied in with astronomical influences than they are with human-caused carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, some scientists now say.  Recent observations point to a strong link between "solar variability" — or fluctuations in the sun's radiation — and climate change on Earth, while other research sees the sun as just one of many heavenly bodies affecting global warming in the later half of the 20th century.

Baliunas Says Global Warming Related To Sun.  Dr. [Sallie] Baliunas' work with fellow Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics astronomer Willie Soon suggests global warming is more directly related to solar variability than to increased levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, an alternative view to what's been widely publicized in the mainstream media.

Global Warming:  a Natural Cycle.  The Idea-Channel, a non-profit educational company, created a 10-minute video in 2007 titled Unstoppable Global Cycles.  Several scientists said that changes in temperature and climate are driven by the sun's natural cycles.  "Climate is not a constant.  We go through periods where it's much warmer and much cooler, and periods where it's wetter and dryer," said Dr. David R. Legates, of the Center for Climate Research at the University of Delaware.  "The one thing we can say about climate in the future is that it will change."

Sun Goes Longer Than Normal Without Producing Sunspots.  The sun has been lying low for the past couple of years, producing no sunspots and giving a break to satellites.  That's good news for people who scramble when space weather interferes with their technology, but it became a point of discussion for the scientists who attended an international solar conference at Montana State University.

Sun Makes History:  First Spotless Month in a Century.  The sun has reached a milestone not seen for nearly 100 years:  an entire month has passed without a single visible sunspot being noted.  The event is significant as many climatologists now believe solar magnetic activity — which determines the number of sunspots — is an influencing factor for climate on earth.

Has Global Warming Research Misinterpreted Cloud Behavior?  When researchers observe natural changes in clouds and temperature, they have traditionally assumed that the temperature change caused the clouds to change, and not the other way around.  To the extent that the cloud changes actually cause temperature change, this can ultimately lead to overestimates of how sensitive Earth's climate is to our greenhouse gas emissions.  This seemingly simple mix-up between cause and effect is the basis of a new paper that will appear in the "Journal of Climate."

Interview with Dr. Don Easterbrook:  For about 500 years we have 30-year periods where it gets warm/cold, warm/cold.  We've been warming up about a degree per century since the Little Ice Age in about 1600.  We've been warming for 400 years, long before human-generated CO2 could have anything to do with the climate.  If we project the previous century into the coming one, my projection is that we will have about a half-a-degree of cooling from 2007 (plus or minus three to five years) to about 2040.

Is climate sensitive to solar variability?  The causes of global warming — the increase of approximately 0.8±0.1°C in the average global temperature near Earth's surface since 1900 — are not as apparent as some recent scientific publications and the popular media indicate.  We contend that the changes in Earth's average surface temperature are directly linked to two distinctly different aspects of the Sun's dynamics:  the short-term statistical fluctuations in the Sun's irradiance and the longer-term solar cycles.

Solar Cycle 24:  Implications for the United States:  Do we live in a special time in which the laws of physics and nature are suspended?  No, we do not.  Can we expect relationships between the Sun's activity and climate, that we can see in data going back several hundred years, to continue for at least another 20 years?  With absolute certainty.  In this presentation, I will demonstrate that the Sun drives climate, and use that demonstrated relationship to predict the Earth's climate to 2030.

Sun's Shifts May Cause Global Warming.  Most leading climate experts don't agree with Henrik Svensmark, the 49-year-old director of the Center for Sun-Climate Research at the Danish National Space Center in Copenhagen. ... His studies show that cosmic rays trigger cloud formation, suggesting that a high level of solar activity — which suppresses the flow of cosmic rays striking the atmosphere — could result in fewer clouds and a warmer planet.  This, Svensmark contends, could account for most of the warming during the last century.

Natural Forces, Not Man, Causing Global Warming, Scientist Says.  Natural forces, not human activity, are primarily responsible for any global warming taking place, prominent atmospheric and space physicist Fred Singer declared Monday [3/3/2008] at the Heartland Institute's 2008 International Conference on Climate Change in New York City.  What's more, the preponderance of scientific evidence about natural forces causing global warming is so great that the issue is settled, Singer said.

Carbon Heat Trapping is Merely A Bit Player in Global Warming.  New calculations show that doubling of carbon dioxide (CO2) will increase average global temperature by only about 1°F. or 0.55°C., much less than the range of 2°C. to 4.5°C. estimated by the United Nations International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).  These new calculations are based on NASA supported spectral calculations available on the Internet relating to greenhouse gases.  The temperature increases are estimated to be somewhat more in winter in the colder climates because of reduced competing atmosphere water vapor, but smaller increases at other times and places.

The Global Warming Sceptic:  Working for clean air and an unpolluted atmosphere is a laudable aim, but forgetting to compare the magnitude of man-made pollutants to the natural sources, or having an absolute faith in measurement data of often dubious origin, is unscientific at least, and foolish certainly.  The climate is "the changing state of the atmosphere", so do not expect a steady state situation.  Do not forget either that the sun is the engine which drives everything, and that the output of that engine is in constant change!

Over 31,000 U.S. Scientists Deny Man-Made Global Warming.  In 1998, Dr. Arthur Robinson, Director of the Oregon Institute for Science and Medicine, posted his first Global Warming skeptic petition, on the Institute's website. … Robinson's petition states a truth:  "There is no convincing evidence that human release of CO2, methane or other greenhouse gases is causing or will cause, in the foreseeable future, catastrophic heating of the Earth's atmosphere and disruption of the Earth's climate."  What do these approx 32,000 scientists believe has caused the earth's warming since 1850 if it isn't CO2?  He points to the sun.  Robinson notes that over the past 150 years the sunspot index has predicted the Earth's temperature changes — with 79 percent accuracy — about ten years before they happen.  The sunspots actually predicted the 2007 global temperature decline; the index turned down in 2000.  The computer models didn't foresee it.

Sun, Not Man, Main Cause of Climate Change, New Study Says.  According to a new study on global warming, climate scientists at the University of Rochester, the University of Alabama, and the University of Virginia found that the climate change models based on human influence do not match observed warming.

In Hot Water:  Ice Age Defrosted by Warming Ocean, Not Rise in CO2.  Earth's climate can be sensitive, changing after a variety of events.  A volcanic eruption or meteorite impact, for instance, can send enough particles into the air to block the sun and cool the climate.  A thickening blanket of greenhouse gases can trap heat.  And, more commonly, according to some scientists, slight changes in Earth's orientation toward the sun can cause it to cool or warm in so-called Milankovitch cycles (named after the Serbian engineer who first described them).

Bushfires release huge carbon load.  Victoria's bushfires have released a massive amount of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere — almost equal to Australia's industrial emission for an entire year.  Mark Adams, from the University of Sydney, said the emissions from bushfires were far beyond what could be contained through carbon capture and needed to be addressed in the next international agreement.

Ancient global warming was jarring, not subtle, study finds.  The global transition from ice age to greenhouse 300 million years ago was marked by repeated dips and rises in the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and wild swings in temperature, with drastic effects on forests and vegetation, the researchers reported in the journal Science. … The provocative insight into planetary climate change counters the traditional view that global warming could be gradual and its regional effects easily anticipated.

[This also negates the assumption that industrial activity and fossil fuels are to blame for global warming.  I wonder why they didn't mention that in the article.]

Earth's Climate Is Always Warming or Cooling.  [Al] Gore, in his movie and elsewhere, never asks the key question:  How much of current warming is due to natural causes?  And how much is really human-caused?  Anthropogenic warming is simply taken for granted as part of a claimed but nonexistent "complete" scientific consensus.  The current warming trend is not unusual:  Climate is always either warming or cooling, and ice is either melting or accumulating.

A Bit of History for Global Warmers:  Look at 1930.  People sweltering from a heat wave in the Mid-Atlantic region of the U.S. might find cold comfort in the fact that the temperatures of the past few days are not the hottest on record.  That "honor" belongs to a summer 76 years ago — decades before the controversy over "man-made global warming" began.

Cosmic rays and Earth's climate:  Swedish researchers provided experimental evidence that cosmic rays may be a major factor in climate change.  They calculated that just 5 years of cosmic ray activity can have 85 percent of the effect on the Earth's climate as 200 years of manmade carbon dioxide emissions.  Though the study was published in the prestigious Proceedings of the Royal Society A, the findings went largely unreported by the Al Gore-smitten media.

Clouds Mitigate Global Warming, New Evidence Shows.  In a study published in the American Geophysical Union's Geophysical Research Letters on August 9, researchers at the University of Alabama-Huntsville (UAH) provide more real-world evidence of the self-regulating nature of the Earth's atmosphere.  If the self-regulatory mechanism is confirmed by additional research, it will represent yet another deal-breaker for the hypothesis that has propped up climate alarmism thus far.

Solar-Climate Links Discerned From Tree-Ring Periodicities in Brazil and Chile Reference:  Why have we chosen to highlight this particular study?  We have done so simply because it is typical of a vast array of studies that have come to essentially the same conclusion, i.e., that cyclical solar-activity oscillations of many periodicities have always influenced earth's climate and always will.  These studies are truly legion; and the veracity of their findings cannot be denied.

Revising 1,000 Years of Climate History.  One of the cornerstones of the global warming "call to action" is the claim that average global temperatures over the last 1,000 years have remained rather stable, except for the significant warming during the last 100 years. … However, considerable evidence exists that the climate of the last millennium fluctuated significantly – from a Medieval Warming period with temperatures comparable to today's averages to a colder Little Ice Age that persisted until late in the 19th century.

The Earth's Temperature May Be Self Regulating:  Thin, high cirrus clouds may help regulate global temperature and serve as a counter to global warming, theorize a team of scientists led by Richard Lindzen of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Recent Warming is Not Historically Unique:  The pattern of frequent and rapid changes in climate throughout the Holocene indicates that the warming of the last 100 years is not a unique event and is thus not an indication of human impact on the climate, as is frequently claimed.

Global Warming:  A Chilling Perspective.

Simultaneous warming on Mars

This alone should be enough to make skeptics out of most people.

Mars Melt Hints at Solar, Not Human, Cause for Warming, Scientist Says.  Simultaneous warming on Earth and Mars suggests that our planet's recent climate changes have a natural — and not a human-induced — cause, according to one scientist's controversial theory.

Melting Mars Means Man-Made Global Warming is a Myth.  Unfortunately, as this goes counter to the position of an alarmist media ... it seems quite unlikely that these revelations will be covered in today's papers or evening newscasts.

Are SUVs causing global warming?  Our nearby planetary neighbor Mars has also been undergoing some climatic changes recently. published an article that said, "Mars may be in the midst of a period of profound climate change, according to a new study that shows dramatic year-to-year losses of snow at the south pole."

Mars Is Warming, NASA Scientists Report.  According to a September 20 [2005] NASA news release, "for three Mars summers in a row, deposits of frozen carbon dioxide near Mars' south pole have shrunk from the previous year's size, suggesting a climate change in progress."  Because a Martian year is approximately twice as long as an Earth year, the shrinking of the Martian polar ice cap has been ongoing for at least six Earth years.

Global warming on Mars — without SUVs!  Though not subject to pollutants of human habitation, Mars appears to be undergoing global warming, with new data suggesting the planet is possibly emerging from an ice age.

Mars is warming.  The planet Mars is undergoing significant global warming which supports many climatologists' claims that the Earth's modest warming during the past century is due to a recent upsurge in solar energy, says James M. Taylor, of the Heartland Institute. For three Mars summers, deposits of frozen carbon dioxide near the planet's south pole have shrunk from the previous year's size, suggesting a climate change in progress, says Taylor.

Doom and gloom, but no reliable data on global warming.  Hurricane season will be upon us in another month or so.  Even the highly respected and often quoted hurricane experts from Colorado State University specifically say the relatively high storm frequency is not due to global warming. … All the while, the planet Mars is warming, according to 30 years of NASA research.  And I've never seen pictures of dirty smokestacks or horrendous traffic jams on Mars.

A Primer on Global Warming.  The National Aeronautic and Space Agency (NASA) has determined Mars, Pluto, Jupiter, and the largest moon of Neptune warmed at the same time the Earth recently warmed.

It's the cows!

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